Boy Scouts Cooking Safety Page 13 Choking

Cooking Merit Badge Health & Safety

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Chocking occurs when a foreign object such as food gets stuck in someone’s throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. If the victim who is choking can cough, speak or breath is still getting some air to the lungs, get him or her to cough up the object. Be prepared to administer first aid if needed. However, if the person is coughing weakly or making high-pitched noises, or if the person can’t cough, speak, or breath, quick action is needed.

First of all, call for help, then do the following:
Step 1 – If the victim is conscious, give a series of five back blows where you bend the person over holding one of your arms under their chest. Pat them firmly or even open handedly then bang or hit them a couple of inches under their neck. Firmly strike the person’s back with the palm of your hand. If nothing happens move on to step 2.

Step 2 – Stand behind the victim. Put your arms around the waist and clap your hands together. The knuckle of one thumb should be just above the victim’s navel but below the rib cage.

Step 3 – Thrust your clasped hands inward and upward with enough force to pop loose the obstruction.

Step 4 – Repeat steps 1 through 3 until the obstruction clears or medical help arrives.

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